A battery-electric vehicle (BEV) is any vehicle that derives its entire power source from electricity via a power outlet. Electricity is routed to an on-board battery pack, which is then sent to an electric motor that powers the vehicle forward.
A plug-in hybrid (PHEV) is a vehicle which derives the first portion of its power from electricity via a small on board battery charged by a power outlet, and then later relies on a gasoline engine. This allows electric driving for shorter distances (approximately 10 – 50 miles), with a seamless transition to gasoline for longer distance travel.
EV range varies by make and model. Typically, you can expect between 80 – 250+ miles of range. The average daily commute is about 40 miles, meaning that even shorter range EVs can meet daily driving demands.
Charging time can vary significantly depending on the vehicle type and battery capacity of the EV. Generally, the larger the battery, the longer it can take to charge, just like a cell phone or other battery-powered devices. There are three charging levels: Level I, Level II, and DC Fast Charging. Level I can add 2 – 5 miles of charge per 1 hour of charging; Level II can add between 10 – 20 miles per hour of charge; and DC Fast Charging can add 60 – 80+ miles of range per hour of charging. For more information on charging infrastructure, visit the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuel Data Center website.